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University of Bristol
Wellcome Trust
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The difference between managed
and unmanaged game parks.

This section will look at various aspects of conservation, many of these illustrated by examples of ‘good’ practice.

What is Nature Conservation?

Conservation has been defined in many different ways, for example, as:

  • Protecting the environment (from human activity)
  • Preventing the extinction of animals and plants
  • Creating new habitats
  • Managing natural resources and ecosystems
  • Keeping the balance of nature
  • Preserving the natural environment
  • Educating people about the environment

All of these are important and Nature Conservation covers a very wide range of activities although it can be summarised in the diagram below.
Move your mouse over the sections to find out more.

What is conservation? Diagram a) Creation b) Management Education d) Reclamation e) Preservation

Why conserve?

This key question has been tackled in the Biodiversity section and is summarised in the diagram found on this page.

The justification for conservation is based on the following arguments:

  • Moral and ethical arguments
  • Aesthetic arguments
  • Amenity arguments
  • Research arguments
  • Genetic resource arguments
  • Natural control of pest arguments


Activity: ‘Whale Bay’ role play.

The organisation Costal and Marine Studies in Australia have produced a role play in which participants play residents and interested parties in 'Whale Bay', where a marine park has been proposed. The Shire President has called a public meeting to decide if the proposed marine park should proceed.

  1. Get your teacher to help you set up this role play.  Whale Bay’ Role Play:
  2. Using the format of the ‘Whale Bay’ role play, devise your own based on a conservation issue which interests or concerns you.


 Think 'Global' act 'Local'


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